Agro-Industrial Wastes as Feedstock for Enzyme Production. by Gurpreet S. Dhillon, Surinder Kaur

By Gurpreet S. Dhillon, Surinder Kaur

Agro-industrial Wastes as Feedstock for Enzyme construction: observe and take advantage of the rising and priceless Use suggestions of Waste Biomass explores the present state of the art bioprocesses in enzyme creation utilizing agro-industrial wastes with appreciate to their new release, present equipment of disposal, the issues confronted when it comes to waste and legislation, and power value-added protocols for those wastes. It surveys parts ripe for extra inquiry in addition to destiny tendencies within the box. lower than every one part, the person chapters current up to date and in-depth details on bioprospecting of agro-industrial wastes to acquire enzymes of monetary significance.

This booklet covers examine gaps, together with valorization of fruit and vegetable by-product―a key contribution towards sustainability that makes the maximum use of agricultural produce whereas utilizing low-energy and not pricey bioprocesses. Written by means of specialists within the box of enzyme know-how, the e-book presents beneficial info for tutorial researchers, graduate scholars, and scientists operating in industrial-food microbiology, biotechnology, bioprocess expertise, post-harvest know-how, agriculture, waste administration, and the nutrition industry.

  • Addresses key possibilities and demanding situations within the rising box of enzyme know-how, with an emphasis on strength and bio-based business applications
  • Explores the present state-of-the-art bioprocesses in enzyme construction utilizing fruit and vegetable wastes with recognize to their new release, present tools of disposal, and difficulties confronted by way of waste and regulation
  • Presents in-depth info on bioprospecting of fruit and vegetable to procure enzymes of monetary importance
  • Delves into environmental matters and fiscal concerns with regards to fruit and vegetable processing by-products

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Sample text

In a recent study, Moftah et al. (2013), the solid and liquid wastes from the olive oil processing industry were evaluated as substrates for lipase production by Yarrowia lipolytica. The highest lipolytic activity of 850 IU dm−1 was achieved after four days of submerged cultivation in supplemented olive mill wastewater. In addition, olive oil cake appeared to be a convenient substrate for lipase production under the SSF mode. However, the most significant improvement in lipase production under SSF was achieved by an alkaline treatment of the substrate (more than 10-fold), when the amount of lipase produced reached up to ≈40 IU g L−1 of substrate.

These residues have high organic matter content. Approximately 40% of potatoes are wasted, representing approximately 10 tons/day of residue (Barampouti and Vlyssides, 2005; Misha and Arora, 2004). Much of these residues consist of polysaccharides, such as cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. , 2004). Dos-Santos et al. (2012) optimized the process of SSF of potato peel for the production of cellulolytic enzymes. 19% and temperature at 30°C. 85°C. Elayaraja et al. (2011) studied the production of a thermostable alkaline α-amylase from Bacillus firmus CAS 7 strain using potato peels.

Gonçalves et al. (2012) also cultivated Y. lipolytica W29 on OMW for lipase production under batch and fed-batch culture conditions, reporting that the enzyme yields were higher in the former. Red Beet More than 200,000 tons of red beet (Beta vulgaris L. ssp. vulgaris, Chenopodiaceae) are produced in Western Europe annually, most of which (90%) is consumed as vegetable. Though still rich in betalains, the pomace from the juice industry accounting for 15–30% of the raw material is disposed as feed or manure (Otto and Sulc, 2001).

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