Advances in Corpus-based Contrastive Linguistics: Studies in by Karin Aijmer, Bengt Altenberg

By Karin Aijmer, Bengt Altenberg

Contrastive reports have skilled a dramatic revival within the final a long time. through combining the methodological merits of machine corpus linguistics and the potential of contrasting texts in or extra languages, the constitution and use of languages might be explored with better accuracy, element and empirical energy than prior to. The strategy has additionally proved to have fruitful functional functions in a couple of components equivalent to language instructing, lexicography, translation stories and computer-aided translation. This quantity comprises twelve experiences evaluating linguistic phenomena in English and 7 different languages. the themes variety from comparisons of particular lexical different types and be aware combos to syntactic structures and discourse phenomena corresponding to team spirit and thematic constitution. The experiences spotlight similarities and adjustments within the use, semantics and features of the in comparison goods, in addition to the emergence of recent meanings and language swap. The emphasis varies from in basic terms linguistic experiences to these concentrating on useful functions.

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Verb-particle constructions are widespread in some dialects, especially in northern Italy. The distinction between verb- and satellite-framed languages is based on the expression of Path (and Direction). The continuous nature of the typological division is also reflected in studies that look at the related (but not identical) parameter of Manner Salience. The continuous nature of the contrast between Germanic and Romance languages is highlighted in Lepetit and Schøsler (2009), who show that the difference with respect to the number of types of manner of motion verbs in texts is less pronounced than with respect to the number of tokens of such verbs.

The active meaning of driving a vehicle is lost and the meaning of passive transportation in a vehicle has developed a productive extension where the control of the action has been completely lost (‘end up in an unpleasant situation’). 6. Swedish fara The verb fara (see 15) can be used in Swedish as an alternative to åka in its basic meaning but this is a less frequent alternative in present-day Swedish. (15) Swedish English Norwegian Danish Icelandic Dutch German French Finnish – Bra, sa hon när de for över gränsen.

Pragmatics & Beyond New Series 100], K. M. Jaszczolt & K. Turner (eds), 441–462. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Johansson, S. 2007. Seeing through Multilingual Corpora: On the Use of Corpora in Contrastive Studies [Studies in Corpus Linguistics 26]. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Krzeszowski, T. P. 1981. The problem of equivalence revisited. IRAL 19: 133–148. Krzeszowski, T. P. 1990. Contrasting Languages: The Scope of Contrastive Linguistics. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Lindstromberg, S. 2010. English Prepositions Explained, revised edn.

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