By Keith W. Waldron
This booklet presents a finished and systematic reference at the complicated biomass restoration and conversion techniques utilized in biorefineries. the 1st a part of the booklet reports advancements in biorefining techniques, through a overview of alternative sorts of biorefinery platform. the second one 1/2 the e-book discusses the big variety of further worth items from biorefineries, from biofuel to biolubricants and bioadhesives.
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Additional info for Advances in biorefineries: Biomass and waste supply chain exploitation
Designing safer chemicals Chemical products should be designed to effect their desired function while minimizing their toxicity. 5. ) should be made unnecessary wherever possible and innocuous when used. 6. Design for energy efficiency Energy requirements of chemical processes should be recognized for their environmental and economic impacts and should be minimized. If possible, synthetic methods should be conducted at ambient temperature and pressure. 7. Use of renewable feedstocks A raw material or feedstock should be renewable rather than depleting whenever technically and economically practicable.
While progress is being made in using anaerobic digestion to both treat food waste and provide some energy value, the chemical and material potential of food supply chain waste is such that we should also quickly move to realizing that potential through the use of other green chemical technol ogies. , biopolymers, protein, carbohydrates), abundant, readily available, under-utilized and renewable. , 2006). Such applications solve both a resource problem and waste management problem as the issues associated with agro-food waste are important.
1992). , 2011). , 2010). The topic is gaining increased attention worldwide: the NAMASTE project (EU–India) is directed at the valorization of selected by-products, such as fruit and cereal processing residues, for the global food and drink industry. , soy, corn) by-products to increase the value of the food supply chain. ). 2 shows how one step change in a process can avoid further fossil resource deletion by recycling waste. But there are smarter ways of using food supply chain waste: this type of co-product is rich in chemical compounds and it is important to take advantage of that resource before using it for energy generation.