A Short Grammar of Kabardian by Ranko Matasović

By Ranko Matasović

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Syntax - Theory and Analysis: An International Handbook, Volume 1

Contents quantity 1
Preface. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . vii
I. advent: Syntax in Linguistics
1. Syntax − The country of a debatable paintings · Tibor Kiss and Artemis
Alexiadou . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1
2. SyntacticConstructions·PeterSvenonius . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 15
3. SyntaxanditsInterfaces:AnOverview·LouiseMycock . . . . . . . . . . . 24
II. The Syntactic Tradition
4. TheIndianGrammaticalTradition·PeterRaster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
5. ArabicSyntacticResearch·JonathanOwens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
6. Prestructuralist and Structuralist techniques to Syntax · Pieter A. M. Seuren 134
III. Syntactic Phenomena
7. Syntactic different types and Subcategories · Hans-Jürgen Sasse . . . . . . . . . 158
8. GrammaticalRelations·BeatricePrimus . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 218
9. ArgumentsandAdjuncts·PeterAckema . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 246
10. The Morpho-Syntactic Realisation of Negation · Hedde Zeijlstra . . . . . . . 274
11. TheSyntacticRoleofAgreement·StephenWechsler . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309
12. VerbSecond·AndersHolmberg . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 342
13. DiscourseConfigurationality·KatalinÉ. Kiss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 383
14. Control·BarbaraStiebels . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 412
15. PronominalAnaphora·SilkeFischer . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 446
16. Coordination·KatharinaHartmann . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 478
17. WordOrder·WernerFrey . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 514
18. Ellipsis·LobkeAelbrecht . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 562
19. Syntactic results of Cliticization · Anna Cardinaletti . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 595
20. Ergativity·AmyRoseDeal . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 654
21. RelativeClausesandCorrelatives·RajeshBhatt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 708
22. VoiceandValenceChange·EditDoron . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 749
23. Syntax and Grammar of Idioms and Collocations · Christiane Fellbaum . . . 777
xii Contents
Volume 2
IV. Syntactic Models
24. Minimalism·MarcRichards . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 803
25. Lexical-Functional Grammar · Miriam Butt and Tracy Holloway King . . . 839
26. Optimality-TheoreticSyntax·GereonMüller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 875
27. HPSG−ASynopsis·StefanMüller . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 937
28. ConstructionGrammar·MirjamFried . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 974
29. Foundations of Dependency and Valency conception · Michael Klotz . . . . . . 1004
30. DependencyGrammar·TimothyOsborne . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 1027
31. Categorial Grammar · Jason Baldridge and Frederick Hoyt
. . .. .. .. .. 1045
. . .. .. .. .. 1088
. . .. .. .. .. 1128
. . .. .. .. .. 1154
. . .. .. .. .. 1198
. . .. .. .. .. 1256
V. Interfaces
32. Syntax and the Lexicon · Artemis Alexiadou . . .
33. The Syntax-Morphology Interface · Heidi Harley .
34. Phonological facts in Syntax · Michael Wagner
35. The Syntax-Semantics Interface · Winfried Lechner
36. The Syntax-Pragmatics Interface · George Tsoulas
. . .. . . . .. . . .. . . .. . . . .. .
VI. Theoretical ways to chose Syntactic Phenomena
37. ArgumentsandAdjuncts·DanielHole . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 1284
38. ModelsofControl·TiborKiss . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 1321
39. TheoriesofBinding·SilkeFischer . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 1357
40. WordOrder·KlausAbels . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Volume 3
VII. Syntactic Sketches
41. German:AGrammaticalSketch·StefanMüller . . . . . . . . . . . .
42. Hindi-Urdu: crucial matters in Syntax · Alice Davison . . . . . . . . .
43. Mandarin·LisaL. -S. ChengandRintSybesma . . . . . . . . . . . . .
44. Japanese·TakaoGunji . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
45. Georgian·AliceC. HarrisandNinoAmiridze . . . . . . . . . . . . .
46. TheBantuLanguages·LestonChandlerBuell . . . . . . . . . . . . .
47. Tagalog·PaulSchachter . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
48. Warlpiri · Kenneth L. Hale, Mary Laughren and Jane Simpson . . . .
49. CreoleLanguages·DerekBickerton . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
50. Northern Straits Salish · Ewa Czaykowska-Higgins and Janet Leonard
51. SyntacticSketch:Bora·FrankSeifart . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
. . .. 1400
. . .. 1447 . . .. 1478 . . .. 1518 . . .. 1559 . . .. 1588 . . .. 1622 . . .. 1658 . . .. 1677 . . .. 1710
. .. 1726 . . .. 1764
Contents
xiii
VIII. The Cognitive Perspective
52. SyntaxandLanguageAcquisition·SonjaEisenbeiss . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
53. SyntaxandLanguageDisorders·MartinaPenke . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
54. SyntaxandLanguageProcessing·ClaudiaFelser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IX. past Syntax
55. SyntaxandCorpora·HeikeZinsmeister . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
56. SyntaxandStylistics·MonikaDoherty . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
57. SyntaxandLexicography·RainerOsswald . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
58. Computational Syntax · Emily M. Bender, Stephen Clark and Tracy
HollowayKing . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
59. ReferenceGrammars·IrinaNikolaeva . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
60. LanguageDocumentation·EvaSchultze-Berndt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
61. Grammar within the school room · Anke Holler and Markus Steinbach . . . . . . .
Indexes
Languageindex . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. Subjectindex . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

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Contributor observe: Assisted by means of James Minett and Florence Li Wing Yee
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Additional info for A Short Grammar of Kabardian

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Know The two verbal negations differ in scope: the prefixed -mə- is the narrow scope negation, with thescope just over the verbal nucleus, while the suffixed negation -q'əm negates the whole sentence (including the embedded participles, infinitives, and/or gerunds). The other NW Caucasian languages also have prefixal negation with the infinite verbal forms, and suffixal negation with the finite forms. PERSON Kabardian distinguishes three persons singular and plural. Verbal person markers indicate the person of the subject of an intransitive verb / object of a transitive verb 31 Matasović: A Short Grammar of Kabardian (the person which is in the nominative in the case of nouns), the person of the subject of a transitive verb (the person which is in the ergative in the case of nouns), and of the indirect object (the person which, in the case of nouns, is in the ergative in its function of dative, or some other oblique case): a) markers of the person which is in the nominative: 1.

Af. -to write-cond. -af. -af. The category of version in Kabardian should not be confused with the typologically similar applicative construction, which involves the adding of an argument to the core of the clause and increasing the transitivity of a verb. In Kabardian, adding the version prefix -xw- and the adversative prefix -f'ə- does not affect the transitivity of a verb. g. it cannot be passivized. 51 Applicatives (version prefixes) exist in the other NW Caucasian languages. ) calls the prefixes expressing version in NW Caucasian "relational particles" (cp.

If this verb is intransitive and has only one argument, its only argument will be marked for the nominative, while the causer will be marked for the ergative, as in the previous example. -af. -af. -af. ) 2006: 436 and according to the examples obtained from my informants. 40 Matasović: A Short Grammar of Kabardian Q'arašəway yə haś'a-m-ra yə šə-m-ra yə-ġa-šx-ā-ś Q. poss. poss. -af. "Karašavey fed his guest and his horse" (in this sentence the name Q'arašəway would be in the ergative as the causer, the undergoer of the underived verb, i.

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