A History of the Bolivian Labour Movement 1848–1971 by Guillermo Lora

By Guillermo Lora

This booklet is an abridgement and translation of Guillermo Lora's five-volume historical past. It bargains with the strengthening and radicalisation of Bolivia's organised labour stream, which culminated within the drastic progressive adjustments of the Fifties. the 1st part deals a reinterpretation of Bolivian background within the century previous the revolution, considered from the point of view of the operating category. the second one part discusses in additional aspect the foremost political occasions and doctrinal problems with a interval within which the writer, as secretary of the Trotskyist Partido Obrero Revolucionario, himself often performed an energetic half. regardless of the novel upheaval that happened within the fifties and the mobilisation of vast sectors of the inhabitants round such radical pursuits as direct estate seizures, union-nominated ministers and union, army and employee keep watch over, the labour stream used to be not able to keep up its conquests within the Nineteen Sixties. The concluding chapters describe the interval of renewed army repression and the ongoing efforts of the labour circulate to withstand.

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In England, on 20 August 1869, the Potosi (Cerro Potosi, Bolivia) Silver Mines Co. Ltd was set up and Fred B. Walter became its London agent. Many Bolivians waited in suspense to see what the Aramayos would say and do, for they considered that the future of their country depended on the investment of large amounts of foreign capital. The agreement reached in London was enthusiastically welcomed, not only as a fortunate event for the Aramayos but also as the opening of a new path for Bolivia. M.

Jose Avelino Aramayo, who is often referred to simply as Avelino Aramayo, was born in the small village of Moraya in Chichas on 25 September 1809, and died in Paris on 1 May 1882 at the age of seventy-two. Recognising that the mining industry could only emerge from its backward state if it were given a powerful impetus, he began to gather round him skilled men from Germany and elsewhere, a step which foreshadowed the future transformation of the mining industry by technical assistance from other parts of the world.

Work in the trade schools began at five in the morning in the summer and an hour later in the winter. The day began with prayers in the chapel; this was followed by one hour of study, three hours of 'scientific' classes, six hours in the workshops and two hours dedicated to religion. By 1855 the number of pupils in the two trade schools had reached 135, by no means a negligible figure for the time. 26 Protection versus free trade The government of Belzu Alberto Gutierrez was the first historian who was perceptive enough to realise that the coming to power of Manuel Isidoro Belzu signified the beginning of a new era in the life of the nation; for previous historians it was nothing more than another barracks revolt.

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