A History of Organized Labor in Bolivia by Robert J. Alexander

By Robert J. Alexander

Bolivia used to be the heart degree for essentially the most very important Latin American social revolutions of the 20th century, one who happened amid a sea of super political instability. the growth of prepared exertions that happened in the course of the Nineteen Twenties used to be met with a number of govt reprisals and was once principally curbed by means of the Chaco battle with Paraguay of 1932-1935. however, regardless of being pressured to function illegally, the hard work circulate came across aid in numerous political events, the main winning of which was once the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario, a powerhouse within the miners' federation. aware of the striking upheavals which punctuated Bolivian historical past in the course of the 20th century, Alexander lines the relative successes of Bolivia's hard work unions, contextualizing their triumphs and disappointments in the appealing background of Bolivia's tumultuous political scene.Bolivia was once the heart level for the most very important Latin American social revolutions of the 20th century, one who happened amid a sea of super political instability. the growth of geared up exertions that happened throughout the Nineteen Twenties was once met with a variety of govt reprisals and used to be principally curbed through the Chaco struggle with Paraguay of 1932-1935. however, regardless of being pressured to function illegally, the exertions move came across help in numerous political events, the main profitable of which used to be the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario, a powerhouse within the miners' federation. aware of the extraordinary upheavals which punctuated Bolivian background in the course of the 20th century, Alexander strains the relative successes of Bolivia's exertions unions, contextualizing their triumphs and disappointments in the attractive historical past of Bolivia's tumultuous political scene.Alexander explains how the exertions stream advanced within the framework of a number of political adjustments, together with: the short presidency of significant Gualberto Villarroel which all started in December 1943 and lasted in basic terms and a part years; the Bolivian nationwide Revolution which started on April nine, 1952; the onset of agrarian reform in 1952; the overthrow of the innovative regime in November 1964

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There were eighty delegates from various parts of the Bolivian Railway. In the following year it sponsored a general labor congress, although this did not give rise to any new organization. However, the most spectacular activity of the Federacion Ferroviaria in its early years was the general strike it declared in January 1921. This was a very peculiar strike in terms of its objectives. Ricardo Soruco had been elected to parliament largely due to the support of railroad workers. Late in 1920 he was strongly at- 24 A History of Organized Labor in Bolivia tacked in parliament by Abel Iturralde, a strongly Catholic deputy, and another deputy threatened to "shoot" Soruco.

73. , page 258. 74. Lora, 1970, op. , page 248. 75. , page 245. 76. , pages 175, 248. 77. , pages 176-178. 78. , page 63. 79. , pages 62-68. 80. , pages 68-71. 81. , pages 72-75. 82. , pages 86-87. 83. , page 89. 84. , page 88. 85. , pages 90-92. 86. , page 92. 87. , page 93. 88. , pages 262-263. 36 A History of Organized Labor in Bolivia 89. , page 159. 90. , pages 133-134. 9 1 . , page 3 7 5 . 92. , page 3 8 1 . 9 3 . , page 377. 94. , page 3 8 1 . 9 5 . Lora, 1969, op. , page 2 8 2 . 96. , page 2 6 3 .

The PIR proclaimed itself Marxist b u t said t h a t it h a d no international affiliation. 1 However, for the decade of the 1940s it represented the Stalinist tendencies in Bolivian politics. It followed the "line" of the Communist International during World War II, labeling it a n "imperialist war" until Russia w a s invaded by the Nazis in J u n e 1941, when it became a holy war in defense of the Soviet Union. 2 Its most prominent figure, J o s e Antonio Arze, during periods t h a t he spent in New York City, t a u g h t at the so-called Jefferson School, r u n by t h e Communist Party of the United States.

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