By Simon Collier
Offering an outline of Chilean heritage for the overall reader in addition to the expert, this article employs fundamental and secondary fabrics to investigate the nation's political, monetary, and social evolution from independence to 2002. not like different works, the quantity examines intensive the newest occasions of Chile's heritage: the diversification of its economic system, unfold of democratic associations, development of public future health, and emergence of a wealthy highbrow tradition. First version Hb (1996): 0-521-56075-6 First version Pb (1996): 0-521-56827-7
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Extra resources for A History of Chile, 1808-2002
Gold-mining accounted for 60 to 70 percent of all mineral production. Silvermining also developed steadily, though hampered by an uncertain supply of the mercury so vital for the separation of silver from its ore by means of the “patio” process common in the Spanish colonies since the sixteenth century. Copper was also extracted in the north – used for domestic utensils and for artillery, the imperial government placing orders through the governor – a practice that occasionally led to speculative hoarding by traders.
And nothing is more fundamental to a culture than language itself. As far as food is concerned, we at least know that Father Molina was interested in the subject: he was an enthusiast for cooking, and left numerous recipes among his private papers. While it obviously took time for anything like a distinctively Chilean cuisine to develop (the first real Chilean cookbook, a mere twenty-nine pages long, was published in 1851), its main components were there from the sixteenth century, as the Spaniards introduced European crops and livestock, while at the same time including native American foods in their diet.
The needs of ranching gave the great estates their natural shape: a section of the Central Valley floor (the core of each property usually was located there), and pastures in the better-watered lands of the coastal range and main Cordillera. While no detailed account of the build-up of the estancia yet exists, it is clear that a tendency to concentration was Chapter01 CY399/Collier 10 0 521 82749 3 November 7, 2003 20:23 Char Count= 0 Birth of a nation-state under way by the mid-seventeenth century.