A Glossary of Historical Linguistics by Lyle Campbell

By Lyle Campbell

Old linguistics — the learn of language swap — has lengthy been a cornerstone of linguistics. With its lengthy background, a number of subfields, and intricate terminology, it offers many demanding situations to scholars and students. This publication is a necessary complement to classes in ancient linguistics and the historical past of person languages. It offers an obtainable, up to date, and extensively consultant evaluation of historic linguistics via explication of its major phrases and concepts.
Key positive aspects:
-A convenient and simple to appreciate pocket guide
-Numerous pass references to comparable terms
-New and conventional terminology
-Defines terminologies, offers examples and proper discussions
Distribution is restricted to Canada and the USA

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There are two types of linguistic chronology, absolute and relative chronology. clade (from Greek clados ‘branch’) A term taken from biology where it refers to a group of organisms, for example, a species, that are considered to share a common ancestor, used sometimes in linguistics to refer to a language family, a genetic classification of languages, usually associated with a family tree. See also genetic model, genetic unit, language classification, taxon. cladistic A term from biology that means pertaining to clades, pertaining to the branching sequence in evolution, based on common evolutionary descent, common ancestry; relating to phylogeny, the evolutionary history of a group of organisms.

See also loss. Dené-Caucasian, Dené-Sino-Caucasian A proposed distant genetic relationship, associated initially with a number of Russian scholars, that would link Burushaski, North Caucasian, Basque and Sino-Tibetan, the so-called ‘NaDené’ languages, and for some also Yenisseian (Bengston 1991, 1992, 1997, Blazek and Bengston 1995, Shevoroshkin 1991). However, since not even -Na-Dené has been satisfactorily demonstrated, Na-Dené could hardly be shown successfully to be connected to these various Old World groups.

Core vocabulary see basic vocabulary correspondence see sound correspondence, correspondence set, comparative method correspondence set see sound correspondence covert prestige The apparent positive evaluation given to non-standard, low-status, or ‘incorrect’ forms of speech by many speakers; a hidden or unacknowledged prestige for non-standard variables that leads speakers to continue using them, and sometimes causes such forms to spread to other speakers in some cases. The use of variables with covert prestige often functions to identify in-group membership: users who belong to the local community.

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